Skip to main content

Archive & Special Collections

Our Archive and Special Collections encapsulate the history of the College

Girton College Archive and Special Collections

The Archive holds and collects records of the College, including administrative records and the personal papers of former and current Fellows and students. Our collections are an important resource in the study of women’s history, and particularly in the history of women’s higher education. The collections also include material on nineteenth and twentieth-century feminism and women’s social history.

In addition, there are some 15 Special Collections in the College Library. In the early days, Girton received copies of their own work from supporters such as George Eliot, Charles Darwin, and John Ruskin. More recent gifts have included a Shakespeare Second Folio, a “Treacle” Bible, and a fifteenth-century Flemish Book of Hours. The scholarly texts in these collections often provide insights into the lives and scholarship of their previous owners.

Littler Reading Room

The Archive

The Archive’s main aim is to build a record of the institutional history of the College reflecting its unique history. Records of the executive, administrative and academic College bodies, College Offices, College Officers and individuals employed by the College are all held in the Archive.

The Archive also aims to build a record of the lives and careers of individuals and groups associated with Girton College from its foundation to the present day. As a result the Archive includes rich and varied collections of personal papers.

In addition, the Archive also collects records associated with the history of women’s higher education and women’s history generally.

GCGB Governing Records

This section includes the College’s charter and statutes, ordinances and regulations, grant of arms, deeds, trusts etc., the papers of College Council (previously Executive Committee), the Governing Body, and standing committees of Council.

GCAR Administrative Records

This section includes the papers of the offices of the Mistress, the Bursar, and the Steward/Domestic Bursar. It includes papers relating to the College’s finances, appeals and fundraising (latterly Development Office), the Chapel, Wolfson Court, and ‘named rooms’ within the College.

GCAC Academic and Library

This section includes the papers of the Admissions and Tutorial Office, the Praelector and the Library.

GCAS Clubs, Societies and Associations

This section includes the papers of the Roll (previously Association of Certificated Students), the JCR, the MCR, and the papers of the various sports, dramatic and musical societies.

GCCP College Publications

This section includes complete runs of the Annual Report (to 1969), the Girton Review (1882-1993), the Newsletter (1993-99), Annual Review (from 2000), as well as various information guides, College songs, and occasional publications.

GCRF Historical Reference

This is a subject-oriented section including special events/celebrations, press cuttings and journal articles, memoirs and reminiscences, drawings and artefacts, and miscellaneous correspondence collections. It also includes records relating to women’s history generally and the suffrage movement in particular.

GCPH Photographs

This is a large collection of photographs dating from the College’s foundation to present day showing the College buildings (exterior and interior), individual students and student groups, Fellows, Mistresses and staff, and special events.

GCOH Oral History

This section consists of interviews with those who had a lifelong connection with Girton, or who had come up to College in the 1920s or earlier.

GCPP Personal Papers

Some of the major collections in this section are the papers of Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon (1827-1891), Helen Cam (1885-1968), Emily Davies (1830-1921), Jane Catherine Gamble (1810-1885), Dorothy Needham (1896-1988), Bessie Rayner Parkes (1829-1925), Bertha Phillpotts (1877-1932), Chrystabel Procter (1894-1982), Eugénie Sellers Strong (1860-1943), and Barbara Wootton (1897-1988).

GCIP Institutional Papers

This section includes the papers The Society for Promoting the Training [formerly Employment] of Women (SPTW), the Girton College Working Women’s Summer School and the Cambridge Women’s Liberation Archive.

A large proportion of the catalogues for GCRF Historical Reference, GCPP Personal Papers and GCIP Institutional papers are available to search on the Janus website here

The catalogue for the remaining sections of the archive is currently not available to researchers. There is an ongoing project to make the rest of the catalogue available. In the meantime the Archivist can undertake searches on your behalf.

Our archival collections offer a rich resource for research in many areas and in several disciplines. This subject guide is a starting point for researchers; it is not a comprehensive list.

Admission of women to the University of Cambridge

College records; Papers of Emily Davies

Employment of women

Papers of Bessie Rayner Parkes; Papers of the Society for Promoting the Training of Women

Education of girls (including schools and schooling)

Papers of Roma Brookes; College records; Papers of Emily Davies; Papers of Bessie Rayner Parkes

Education of women (particularly higher education)

Papers of Emily Davies; College records; Papers of Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon; Papers of Dorothy Needham [includes papers relating to the foundation of New Hall and Lucy Cavendish College]

Gardening and horticulture

College records, gardens and grounds [GCAR 10]; College records, Elizabeth Welsh’s letters to Miss Kensington [GCAR 1/6/4]; Papers of Chrystabel Procter

Librarianship

College records; Papers of Ethel Fegan; Papers of Betty Jones; Papers of Helen McMorran; Papers of Eugenie Strong

Student experience at Girton

The ‘Girton experience’ lists papers of Girtonians arranged by decade

Travel

Papers of Margaret Anderson; Papers of Rosemary Bishop; Papers of Ena Burton; Papers of Roma Brookes; Papers of Jane Catherine Gamble; Papers of Helen Grant; Papers of Bertha Jeffreys; Papers of Beryl Power; Papers of Eileen Power; Papers of Rhoda Power; Papers of Dorothy Needham; Papers of Anne Wilson

Women artists and illustrators

Papers of Margaret Anderson; Papers of Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon; Papers of Bessie Rayner Parkes; Papers of Eileen Power; Papers of Ethel Sargant [includes botanical drawings]; Papers of Marion Wallace-Dunlop; Papers of Margaret Welsby

Women classicists

Papers of Alison Duke; Papers of Norah Jolliffe; Papers of Eugenie Strong; Papers of Alice Zimmern

Women economists

Papers of Marjorie Tappan Hollond

Women in medicine

Papers of Emily Davies; Papers of Bessie Parkes [includes correspondence with Mary Merryweather, Nightingale nurse]

Women historians

Papers of Helen Cam; Papers of Jean Lindsay; Papers of Dorothy Marshall; Papers of Eileen Power; Papers of Diane Worzala

Women mathematicians

Papers of Mary Cartwright; Papers of France Cave-Brown-Cave; Papers of Bertha Jeffreys; Papers of Lucy Joan Slater

Women literary and linguistic scholars

Papers of Cynthia Crews (Judaeo-Spanish scholar); Papers of Odette de Mourgues; Papers of Helen Grant (Spanish scholar); Papers of Queenie Leavis (literary scholar); Papers of Bertha Phillpotts (Scandinavian scholar); Papers of Margaret Smith (orientalist); Papers of Jean Young (Scandinavian scholar)

Women musicians

Papers of Sophia Turle

Women philosophers

Papers of Kathleen Mary Peace; Papers of Helen Marion Wodehouse

Women in politics and government, including the Civil Service

Papers of Helen Grant [includes correspondence with politicians; member of the Newnham Ward Labour Party; notes on political situation in Spain in 1975]; Papers of P D James; Papers of Shirley Littler; Papers of Beryl Platt; Papers of Beryl Power (civil servant); Papers of Barbara Wootton

Women and religion

Papers of Agatha Graham; Papers of Alethea Graham; Papers of P D James; Papers of Bessie Rayner Parkes; Papers of Aelfrida Tillyard

Women in science

Papers of Marion Greenwood Bidder; Papers of Christine McKie; Papers of Helen Megaw; Papers of Dorothy Needham; Papers of Chrystabel Procter [include some papers relating to Joan Procter]; Papers of Ethel Sargant; Papers of Barbara Weir

Women’s suffrage

Papers of Nellie Crocker; Papers of Emily Davies; Papers of Agnes Lake; Papers of Beatrice and Edith Clayton Pepper; Papers of Marion Wallace-Dunlop; Papers of Alice Zimmern

Women’s war experience

Papers of Ena Burton [WWII]; Papers of Lilian Furst [WWII]; Papers of Jane Catherine Gamble [visited the site of the Battle of Waterloo]; Papers of Winifred Gaukroger [WWI]; Papers of Beryl Lewis [WWII]; Papers of Bessie Rayner Parkes [includes correspondence relating to the 1870-1871 Franco Prussian War]; Papers of Hilda Sebastian [WWI]; Papers of Lucy Joan Slater [WWII]; Papers of Barbara Wallis [WWII]

Women writers

(includes authors, journalists, poets, playwrights, etc.)

Papers of Kay Clay; Papers of Emily Davies; Papers of Veronica Forrest-Thomson; Papers of Gwendolen Freeman; Papers of Lilian Furst; Papers of Jane Catherine Gamble; Papers of Agatha Graham; Papers of P D James; Papers of Elsa Malik; Papers of Bessie Rayner Parkes; Papers of Joyce Penny; Papers of Michelle Proud; Papers of Kathleen Raine; Papers of Aelfrida Tillyard; Papers of Gladys Williams; Papers of Florence Roma Wilson; Papers of Charlotte Yonge

The archival collections are continually growing with new material being added on a regular basis.

New donations are welcomed, but unfortunately the Archive is unable to accept all donations. Any potential donation is considered against the Archive’s Collection Policy.
If you would like to donate material to the Archive, please contact the Archivist to discuss your donation.

The Archive's Collection Policy (summary)

The Archive only collects original and unique material. The Archive would not normally accept collections of published material or copies of material, unless that material is considered to be relevant to building a history of Girton College (for example, press cuttings).

The Archive collects:

  • Records, artefacts and memorabilia relating to the history of the College.
  • Records, artefacts and memorabilia relating to the lives and careers of individuals and groups associated with Girton from foundation to the present. These include College members and staff, and their family and friends, and bodies or institutions, which have connections with such individuals.
  • The Archive may also accept material associated with the history of women’s higher education.

Personal papers illustrating the Girton experience

These papers include diaries, letters home, memoirs and autobiographical writings; also financial accounts. This list is arranged in broad chronological divisions - see sections below.

Other relevant records which illustrate ‘the Girton experience’ include: the Historical Reference (GCRF) section of the Archive; the College’s publications, in particular the Girton Review (GCCP); the Photographic collection (GCPH); and the Clubs and Societies (GCAS) section. The catalogues for these sections of the Archive are not yet all available on Janus. Please contact us for more details.

There is also relevant material in published memoirs biographies and autobiographies – please see our list of books about or related to Girton College (pdf).

Collection reference (with link to the catalogue on the Janus website, where available) Title and Girton dates Brief description of records related to ‘the Girton Experience’
GCPP Stephen Personal Papers of Barbara Stephen, 1872-1945, née Shoresmith, later Shore Nightingale, wife of Sir Harry Stephen, educationist. Girton 1891. Papers include memoirs by Jane Frances Dove (Girton 1871) and Constance Maynard (Girton 1872) which cover the Hitchin / Girton experience during the early 1870s; also a letter from Anna Lloyd (Girton 1869) in which she recounts local reactions to the students at Hitchin.
GCPP Maynard Personal Papers of Constance Louisa Maynard, 1849-1935, Principal of Westfield College. Girton 1872. Papers include receipt for first term’s fees; also poems which shed some light on the Girton experience.
GCPP Tebbutt Personal Papers of Sarah Tebbutt, 1860(?)-1928, née Mason. Girton 1878. Papers include diaries, poems, songs, debating notes, letters.
GCPP LLD Personal Papers of Margaret Llewelyn Davies, 1861-1944, social reformer. Girton 1881. Papers include letters to Margaret from her mother (not much detail on Girton but the catalogue entries quote those part of the letters which help to shed any light on Margaret’s time at Girton and the letters do mention a number of MLD’s contemporaries).
GCPP Muir Personal Papers of Margaret Alice (known as Meta) Muir, 1862-1943. Girton 1881. Papers include photocopies and transcripts from tape of 48 letters, mostly to and from Meta Muir. Contemporaries include Janet Case (Girton 1881), Margaret Llewelyn Davies (Girton 1881), Ethel Sargant (Girton 1881), Rosalind Shore-Smith (Girton 1881), and Helena (Nellie) Sickert (Mrs Swanwick) (Girton 1882). Her father’s interest in and comments on her course (history) are, in themselves, valuable commentary on the texts and teaching methods of the period.
GCPP Zimmern Personal Papers of Alice Zimmern, 1855-1939, educationist and suffragist. Girton 1881. GCPP Zimmern 3/1/1 is an article entitled ‘Lady Students at Cambridge. Girton College’, from London Society, May 1882, giving detail of the Girton buildings and rooms, daily life, transport, study, examinations and student activities.
GCPP Buckler Personal Papers of Georgina Grenfell Buckler, 1863-1953, née Walrond, classicist. Girton 1888. Papers include diaries 1889-91, and an article ‘A Girtonian of the Eighties’, written in 1928 and appeared in the Girton Review (archive reference GCCP 2/1).
GCPP Ford Personal Papers of Cicely Ford, 1876-1960, social worker and deaconess. Girton 1894. GCPP Ford 1 includes letters written by Cicely Ford in 1954 reminiscing about her Girton years.
GCPP Chapman Personal Papers of Maud Chapman, 1880-?, née Reep. Girton 1898. Papers include ‘Daily Routine’ and rules and regulations [circa 1898]; list of furniture provided by Girton for student rooms; and a list of subjects for study 1898.
Collection reference (with link to the catalogue on the Janus website, where available) Title and Girton dates Brief description of records related to ‘the Girton Experience’
GCPP Phillpotts Personal Papers of Bertha Phillpotts, 1877-1932, Scandinavian scholar. Girton 1898. GCPP Phillpotts 1/2/1 includes a few letters written from Girton 1901-3.
GCPP Ford Personal Papers of Hetherington, Lady Honoria, 1881-1972, née Ford, teacher and careworker. Girton 1900. GCPP Ford 2 includes reminiscences by Honoria Ford.
GCPP Howard Personal Papers of Dorothy Howard, 1881-1968, née Howard, wife of 6th Baron Henley. Girton 1901. Letters home 1901-05.
GCPP Smith Personal Papers of Margaret Smith, 1884-1970, orientalist. Girton 1904. Diaries.
GCPP Power, E Personal Papers of Eileen Power, 1889-1940, economic historian, wife of M M Postan. Girton 1907. GCPP Power, E 2/1 (EP’s letters to Margery Garrett), cover the time during which she taught at Girton, 1913-20.
GCPP Pym Personal Papers of Dora Pym, 1890-1980, née Ivens, classicist. Girton 1910. Memoirs include detailed description of life at Girton.
GCPP Sebastian Personal Papers of Hilda Reynolds Sebastian, 1897-1989, née Gosling, formerly Gardner, bookseller. Girton 1916. Letters home.
GCPP Lewis Personal Papers of Beryl Lewis, 1896-1992. Girton 1917. Taped reminiscences, together with résumé.
GCPP Ryley Personal Papers of Constance Ryley, 1898-1976. Girton 1917. Six letters written to an aunt before and during her time at Girton.
GCPP Gaukroger Personal Papers of Winifred Gaukroger, 1900-2003, née Trenholme. Girton 1918. Letters home 1918-19.
GCPP Marshall Personal Papers of Dorothy Marshall, 1900-1994, historian. Girton 1918 (taught by Eileen Power). Diaries (beginning 1919); also autobiography.
ollection reference (with link to the catalogue on the Janus website, where available) Title and Girton dates Brief description of records related to ‘the Girton Experience’
GCPP Anderson Personal Papers of Anderson, Margaret Swainson, 1902-1952, née Willis, geographer. Girton 1921. Diaries cover the latter part of her time at Girton.
GCPP Jeffreys Personal papers of Bertha Jeffreys, 1903-1999, née Swirles, mathematician, wife of Sir Harold Jeffreys. Girton 1921. GCPP Jeffreys 1/9 consists of taped memoirs and transcripts.
GCPP Cave Letters to Frances Cave-Brown-Cave, 1876-1965, mathematician.(Girton 1895, later taught at Girton). Mid-20th Century letters to her include reminiscences from 1920s-30s students.
GCPP Cam Personal Papers of Helen Maud Cam, 1885-1968, Medieval Historian. Girton 1921-48 (was not an undergraduate at Girton). Correspondence covers her Girton years.
GCPP Diggle Personal Papers of Margaret Diggle, b 1905, lecturer in education. Girton 1923. Letters home 1923-26.
GCPP Newman Personal Papers of Lyn Newman, 1901-73, née Irvine, literary journalist. Girton 1924 (Research Student). Copy of a journal kept for three terms while at Girton.
GCPP Freeman Personal Papers of Gwendolen Freeman, b 1908, author and journalist. Girton 1926. Letters home and related notes, also draft of Alma Mater.
GCPP Graham, A1 Personal Papers of Alethea Graham, 1908-1980, missionary worker. Girton 1926. Personal diaries.
GCPP Tillyard Personal Papers of Aelfrida Tillyard, 1883-1959, writer. The diaries of Aelfrida Tillyard include coverage of the period during which her daughters (Alethea Graham, Girton 1926, and Agatha Graham, Girton 1929) studied at Girton.
Collection reference (with link to the catalogue on the Janus website, where available) Title and Girton dates Brief description of records related to ‘the Girton Experience’
GCPP Smith Personal Papers of Margaret Smith, 1884-1970, orientalist. Girton Research Fellow 1932-35, was also a Girton student 1904. Diaries.
GCPP Burton Personal Papers of Burton, Ena Mary, 1918-2013, teacher. Girton 1937. Letters home, 1937-40.
Collection reference (with link to the catalogue on the Janus website, where available) Title and Girton dates Brief description of records related to ‘the Girton Experience’
GCPP Evans Personal Papers of Margaret Evans, 1924-2014, teacher. Girton 1942. Personal diaries, also notes on wartime Girton.
GCPP Jolliffe Personal Papers of Norah Christina Jolliffe, 1900-1951, classicist.Girton 1918. Papers include material on 1940s wartime regulations at Girton.
GCPP Miller Personal Papers of E Joan (Wilson) Miller, b.1923, née Wilson, geographer.Girton 1941. Account entitled ‘An English Geographer Remembers. Part One: The War Years 1939-1945’ includes detail of life at Girton 1941-44. The collection also includes letters to Joan Miller from Girton contemporaries reminiscing about Girton.
GCPP Ball Personal Papers of Nanda Ball, 1929-, née Hulton.Girton 1947. Personal accounts 1940.
GCPP Garrod Personal Papers of Joan Schneider, b. 1930, née Garrod, teacher and writer.Girton 1948. Diary extracts.
Collection reference (with link to the catalogue on the Janus website, where available) Title and Girton dates Brief description of records related to ‘the Girton Experience’
GCPP Stanley Personal papers of Margaret Shirley Stanley, b 1931, née Wright, teacher. Girton 1950. Letters home.
GCPP Slater Personal Papers of Lucy Joan Slater, 1922-2008, mathematician. Girton 1951 (Research Student). Unpublished autobiography: Chapters 9 covers her Girton years.
GCPP Furst Personal Papers of Lilian Renee Furst, 1931-2009, literary scholar. Girton 1952 (Research Student). ‘The Rachel Chronicles: A Kind of Memoir’ are autobiographical and include the Girton years.
GCPP Franklin Personal Papers of Ann Franklin, 1936- , née Glossop. Girton 1954. Receipts for College accounts, giving an insight into the financial cost of being a student in the mid-1950s.
GCPP Bishop Personal Papers of Rosemary Bishop, 1936-2003, civil servant. Girton 1955. Letters home.
GCPP Thompson Personal Papers of Dorothy Joan Thompson, 1939- , née Walbank, formerly Crawford, classical historian. Girton 1958. Income and expenditure accounts late 1950s and early 1960s.
Collection reference (with link to the catalogue on the Janus website, where available) Title and Girton dates Brief description of records related to ‘the Girton Experience’
GCPP Bickley Personal Papers of Daisy Bickley, b 1942, née Hurn. Girton 1960. Personal accounts second year at Girton 1961-62.
GCPP Boyle Personal Papers of Yvonne Boyle, b 1954, social worker, councilor and poet. Girton 1972. Invitation cards received by Yvonne Boyle during her Girton years.

The Special Collections

The rare or special collections of published material complement the manuscript holdings in Girton’s archives in providing insights to the lives and scholarship of their previous owners, in addition to their intrinsic value as scholarly texts. 

Personal recollections of Mary Somerville. London: John Murray, 1873

Image caption: Personal recollections, from early life to old age of Mary Somerville / with selections from her correspondence by her daughter, Martha Somerville. London: John Murray, 1873.

Early benefactors were concerned to ensure that Girton’s collections at least rival those in the older, male colleges. In the early days, therefore, we received copies of their own work from, for example, George Eliot, Charles Darwin, and John Ruskin, while Mrs Morris gave copies of her husband William’s published works.

The Blackburn Collection was bequeathed to Girton College, Cambridge, by Helen Blackburn in 1903. The collection was formed by her in memory of Lydia Becker and Caroline Ashurst Biggs and consists of books, pamphlets, periodicals and newspaper cuttings which relate to the worldwide position of women during the nineteenth century. 

It contains works in Dutch, French, German and Italian, in addition to works in English. The collection was arranged by Helen Blackburn in a mahogany bookcase of her own design¹ and each book contains a bookplate to the memory of Becker and Biggs designed by Edith Mendham and printed by the Women’s Printing Society. A condition of the bequest was that the books should always be kept together. A.B. Blackburn, writing to the College Bursar in February 1903 includes in his letter the following extract from his sister’s will,

“I bequeath the ‘Memorial Library’ of books on women’s questions to Girton College Cambridge and direct that my executors deliver the bookcases and all the contents thereof free of charge to the person acting as Bursar for the time being, with the understanding that the books may be kept together whether additions be made to the Library or not”²

It is clear that those who worked with Helen Blackburn regarded her Library as an important resource for future students interested in women’s questions. Lilias Ashworth Hallet undertook to complete the binding of a portion of pamphlets remaining unbound at the time of Helen Blackburn’s death because she felt that such documents were worth careful preservation. In her letter to the Bursar, outlining her proposals she writes,

“There are also annual reports of the various chief Women’s Suffrage Committees and I incline to think these worth binding, for they have lists of all the early workers and early subscriptions and I believe that these will be of lasting interest. There will always be a few women who will look back through the years with interest and gratitude to the struggles of the early workers.”³

The collection has been kept in accordance with Helen Blackburn’s wishes and, with the exception of a few additions, remains in its original state.

¹ The Englishwoman’s Review, CCLVII (15 April 1903), p. 80.
² A.B. Blackburn to M. Pickton, 24 February [1903]. Girton College Archive, reference GCAC 4/6/3/1 (pt)
³ Lilias Ashworth Hallett to M. Pickton, 3 April 1903. Girton College Archive, reference GCAC 4/6/3/3 (pt)

“Who was Barbara Bodichon? She was many things: artist, law reformer, pamphleteer, journalist, co-founder of Girton College, intrepid traveller, the red-haired charismatic leader of the Langham Place group, Florence Nightingale’s first cousin and George Eliot’s closest friend. It was her unusual political education and acumen that enabled her to assume the leadership role of the Langham Place group, the inspiration and focal point of feminist agitation in England for thirty years”.¹

The Bodichon Library was acquired in two parts. The first, a collection of 395 volumes from the Scalands (Sussex) Library of Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon (1827–1891), was acquired in 1954 through Mr H.W. Pratley, Halls Bookshop, Tunbridge Wells, who offered them to Girton for £200 rather than have them go en bloc to America. They were purchased by the Librarian, Helen McMorran and presented to the Library². Letters concerning the purchase are filed with the Bodichon Papers in the College archives. Scalands was the country home of Barbara Bodichon which she designed herself in the 1850s. After her death it was occupied by the Leigh Smith family until 1953 when it was given up owing to its inconvenience and general inaccessibility. After that date, it stood empty and was partially destroyed by fire in 1955³.

Most of the books are stamped with Barbara Bodichon’s address (either Scalands Gate or 5 Blandford Square) and many contain inscriptions from contemporaries. Loose leaf letters, notes and miscellanea have been transferred to the archives, as have the volume of autograph letters and the album of photographs which formed part of the original collection. The inscriptions and inserts in the books are described in the Accessions Register Vol. 1954–1964.

The second tranche of some 42 volumes was bought from the antiquarian booksellers, Bernard Quaritch, in 2005. Quaritch had written to the Librarian to offer them for sale to Girton in the first instance. These were books which were passed to Barbara Bodichon’s nephew, Philip Leigh-Smith, a diplomat who spent part of his career in Russia. They were later passed to a friend of his, and eventually found their way somehow into a small bookshop in a remote part of northern Croatia. A dealer listed them at a German book fair to which the representative from Quaritch had gone, and he then travelled to the bookshop to inspect them. He selected out those books which were directly connected to Barbara Bodichon, as opposed to those belonging to her nephew, and brought them back. The asking price was £7,500.

The books include copies of works by Barbara Bodichon and her husband Eugène. The books are almost all inscribed in some way and many are annotated. The inscriptions and annotations are richly illuminating in both re-affirming and adding to the knowledge we already have of Barbara Bodichon’s various friends and connections in the artistic, literary and political worlds of the mid-nineteenth century. The last eight of the books show the strong link between the Bodichon/Leigh-Smith and Parkes/Belloc families. The purchase was financed by funds from Friends of the Library and one or two private donations.

¹ Pam Hirsch, in Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon: Feminist, Artist and Rebel.
² Library Committee Minutes 3 Nov 1954.
³ Helen McMorran to [Philip Leigh Smith], Aug 1955. Girton College Archives.

Mary Somerville (1780–1872) occupies an important place in the history of nineteenth-century science. A profound mathematician, she became a leading scientific author, celebrated for the clarity and focus of her writing. She was a pioneering advocate of education and votes for women. She was made an honorary member of the Royal Astronomical Society and the American Philosophical Society. Her mathematical library was presented to Girton College by her daughters. It comprises copies of her own work together with works by the leading scientists and philosophers of her day. Many are personally-inscribed presentation copies from luminaries such as Michael Faraday and Sir John Herschel.

Books from the scientific library of Mary Somerville (1780–1872) were presented to Girton College by her daughters, Martha and Mary Somerville in May 1873. There is no extant correspondence about the gift but it can be assumed from the Executive Committee minutes1 that the Misses Somerville wrote to Emily Davies offering the books to the ‘College for Women’. Whether or not this was done at their late mother’s behest is not clear, but seems probable. Mrs Somerville came to Cambridge with her husband in 1834 when they were invited by Dr Whewell to visit the University. On that occasion, Mary Somerville may have been the first woman to occupy a set of rooms at Trinity College.2

The only contemporary documentation about the gift is a list of the books “to be sent from Naples”, Mrs Somerville’s residence in the later part of her life, and instructions for assembly of the “ebonised bookcase” dated 14 Jan 1870. The Somerville Collection was, until recently, housed in its original bookcase in the corridor outside the Library, but was moved into the special collections repository in 2005. The College was conscious of the value of the books and the great honour which had been conferred by the gift.3

In the early thirties, there was some thought of integrating Mrs Somerville’s books with the rest of the College Library but this suggestion was strongly opposed by Barbara Stephen and they remain a discrete collection4. The collection includes a copy of Mechanism of the Heavens (1831) the book, commissioned by Lord Brougham for The Society for Diffusing Useful Knowledge, which brought Mary Somerville recognition.5

Note: Two letters inserted in the books have been transferred to the Archive.

The College also owns a bust of Mary Somerville, presented by Frances Power Cobbe, a portrait by Samuel Laurence, presented by Lady Stanley of Alderley, and a bronze relief by J E Davis, presented by Helen Darbyshire.

1 Minutes of meeting 19 May 1873, Executive Committee Minutes Vol.3 p108 Girton College Archives.
2 M L Cartwright to the Editor of The Times, n.d. Misc Corr. File Girton College Archives.
3 Minutes of meeting 19 May 1873 (as above).
4 Letters from Barbara Stephen to H I McMorran [1933] Library correspondence Girton College Archives.
5 ‘A self educated women’ Times Educational Supplement 25 Nov 1922 Obituaries Girton College Archives.

The Girton Review, Lent Term 1913: ‘An interesting collection of about 200 Hebrew books (including some Samaritan MSS… .) was made to the college Library last summer under the will of the late Miss Mary Frere. Several of the volumes are valuable editions with beautiful bindings…[The bequest also includes] some Jewish marriage certificates of mediaeval times having borders rich in symbolic illumination’.
 

From The Girton Review, December 1885: ‘A very generous bequest has been recently made to the College by Miss Gamble. Divested of the exaggerations which, as is usual in such cases, attend our ignorance of facts, the bequest is yet most munificent, being to the amount of about £18,000 … together with a number of books. 

Among the books of general interest there are many old favourites and those who have regretted the predominance in the library of unserviceable modern bindings may relieve their eyes with the harmonious browns and business-like blacks of these recent additions… The principal books are: complete editions of Shakespeare, Swift and Addison; Johnson’s Lives of the Poets; Hakluyt’s Voyages; Bell’s British Theatre… a valuable copy of Bewick’s Birds (1st edition); Darwin’s Botanic Gardens; Rossetti’s Dante…’ etc.

The Girton Review, Easter Term 1954 announces the death of ‘Miss H.L. Lorimer, Honorary Fellow of Somerville College since 1941 and of Girton College since 1951. She lived and worked for most of her life in Oxford, but she retained a lasting affection for her first college, Girton, to which she has bequeathed her magnificent classical library – one of the most valuable bequests that the Girton library has ever had’.

Marie Adrienne Henriette Bibas (1884–1965) was a Fellow and Life Fellow. Her obituary in The Girton Review, Michaelmas Term, 1965 states: ’Her power to ignore or to eliminate or to resist the substitutes for truths which offer themselves perhaps gave her the precision with which she moved in both her languages‘. This collection comprises rare editions of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century French literature.

‘Her picture of the life of her time is a historical document… Her books have been my friends for sixty years; and even those who have not read them may be grateful for the ideal of strong, sane, and unselfish life set before the generations who preceded them, and who learnt to work with courage, but without fever, knowing they were parts of a whole that could not fail’.

(C.M. Ridding in The Girton Review, 1934)
 

This collection has been nurtured by several generations of Girton Librarians and various benefactors, but it owes its foundation to Ethel Fegan, and contains the large part of her own collection of books on bibliography and the library profession.

Ethel Sophia Fegan (known as “Fegs”) 1877–1975 was a Fellow, Librarian and Registrar of the Roll 1918–1930. She was Lady Superintendent of Education for Nigerian Government 1930–1935, and educational and leprosy relief worker in West Africa. She was an Honorary Fellow from 1948.

“[She] was the most celebrated Librarian when she came in 1918. She [had been] the Librarian of Cheltenham Ladies’ College. She published The Cheltenham Classification which was a standard work; and she helped Pollard and Redgrave with the Short Title Catalogue (1926) a monument to all librarians.”
 

If you would like to donate books to the Library or the Special Collections, please first contact the Librarian to discuss your donation.

The Library and Special Collections' Policy (summary):

Donations will be accepted and added to stock if they fulfil the criteria for the main collections, or for any of the special collections that allow additions, or if they have been written by Fellows of the College or by Old Girtonians. 

If none of these criteria apply, the donation may be politely declined or the donor asked if the books may be sold and the income added to the Library funds.

The Special Collections which allow additions are:

  • Bibliography
  • Blackburn (as Blackburn X)
  • Bodichon (as Bodichon X)
  • Gamble
  • Girtoniana (Librarian’s Office)
  • Rare Books
  • Stanley Library
  • Travel Collection
  • Charlotte Yonge

Making an enquiry

We are happy to answer enquiries about our collections. We ask that you put your enquiry in writing and include the following information:

  1. Your full name
  2. Your contact details, including your address and email address.
  3. Your enquiry, with as much information as possible.
  4. If you are enquiring about an individual, please include all the names they were known by; this is especially important for women who may have had several names in their lifetime. The person’s date of birth and/or death is also helpful. Please note that if the person you are enquiring about is still alive, access to any records relating to them will be governed by the Data Protection Act.
  5. The reason for your enquiry (for example family history, or research for a publication).
  6. How you heard about Girton College Archive and/or Special Collections.

We are pleased to announce that the Archive and Special Collections are now open for remote enquiries. For Archive enquiries please email: archive@girton.cam.ac.uk. For Special Collections enquiries please email: library@girton.cam.ac.uk. However, please be aware replying to enquiries may take us slightly longer in these unusual circumstances.

Please note that we do not offer a research service and we are unable to undertake any research on your behalf. We recommend that you visit Girton College Archive and Special Collections in person to make use of our collections.

Arranging a visit

Most of our catalogued collections are open to anyone with a research enquiry, free of charge. However access to some of our collections is restricted. These restrictions are usually due to a condition of bequest or in accordance with the Data Protection Act.

All of our collections must be consulted in the Littler Reading Room.

We regret that we are still unable to welcome visiting researchers into the Archive and Special Collections but will provide an update as soon as possible.

In normal circumstances we are open Monday to Thursday 9.30am–4.45pm (closed for an hour for lunch). We close over Christmas & New Year, Easter, and for a fortnight in August/September each year.

You must make an appointment with the Archivist (for archive collections) or Librarian (for special collections) at least 48 hours before visiting Girton but note that appointments are dependent on staff availability and we may not always be able to accommodate you on your preferred date.

Please note that appointments are required even for current members of Girton College.

For directions to Girton College, please visit our contact page.

Please report to the Porters' Lodge on arrival.

The Library & Archive building itself has level access throughout its ground floor, with a mixture of hard flooring, carpet tiles and a rug. We regret that there is no hearing loop.

There is level access to three toilets: one for women and non-binary users, one gender neutral and one accessible gender neutral toilet. Please note that it might be necessary to restrict access to toilets during 2020-2021.

Please see the College's accessibility guide for more information.

If you are not a current member of the College, you will be asked to register as a Visitor when you arrive at the Porters' Lodge. You will be issued with a Visitor’s badge, which we ask you to wear whilst on the College premises.

At the end of your visit, you will need to return to the Lodge to sign out and return your badge. 

You will need to register as an Archive and Special Collections reader on your first visit.

Please bring with you:

  • Some identification that includes your address and a photograph – e.g. your passport or driving licence.
  • If you are a student (undergraduate or postgraduate), a letter of introduction from your Supervisor.

When you register as an Archive and Special Collections reader you agree to the following rules:

General Rules

  • No food or drink is allowed in the Reading Room.
  • Coats must be left in the Library or in one of the lockers provided.
  • Bags must be left with the Archivist or in one of the lockers provided.
  • Files of your own papers are not allowed on the Reading Room table.
  • You must use pencil for note-taking.
  • Laptops are allowed and power points are available.

Rules when handling the material

  • You may only have one file or three volumes/items at a time.
  • Handle the material with clean hands.
  • Keep loose documents in their original order, flat on the table and turn one sheet at a time.
  • Foam book supports and weights are available for volumes.
  • Do not lean on material or rest objects on them.
  • Close volumes and files when you are not using them.
  • Do not write on or mark any material (acid free bookmarks are available if required).
  • Tell us about any accidents or damage.

Requesting copies of the material

  • It may be possible to take your own photographs of the material for a daily charge.
  • It may be possible to request scans or photocopies of the material for a charge.

For our copying regulations and charges please see our 'Copying or Publishing Material from the Archive and Special Collections' section.

All our collections are housed in a closed store. You will need to fill in a request slip for each item you wish to look at and wait for the Archivist or Librarian to fetch it for you. Normally this does not take long.

It is possible to order items in advance of your visit so that they are out ready for you. If you would like to pre-order items please contact the Archivist (for items in the archive collections) or Librarian (for items in the special collections).

It is possible to access the internet in the Reading Room via Cambridge University’s wireless service, UniOfCam.

If you are a member of Cambridge University, you can login using your UIS/Raven password.

If you are not a member of Cambridge University, you can request a UniOfCam temporary ticket. If you would like a UniOfCam temporary ticket, please let the Archivist or the Librarian know before your visit.

Girton is located outside of the centre of Cambridge and there are no local cafés or restaurants within walking distance. It is possible to have lunch in the College Dining Hall or Social Hub.

You can pay using debit or credit card, but not by cash. Please note that there may be restrictions during 2020-2021. It is also possible to bring your own lunch and eat it in the College grounds.

If you need to stay in Cambridge overnight it may be possible to stay in College. Generally rooms are only available outside Full Term. For more details please visit our Accommodation pages.

You can find details of local accommodation on the Visit England website. This is the official tourism website for Cambridge.

Copying or publishing material from the Archive and Special Collections

Material from our collections may be copied if:

  • UK legislation (e.g. copyright law and data protection regulations) permits it.
  • The depositor of the material has not placed restrictions on the copying of the material.
  • Copying the material will not damage it – for example, material that is too fragile, or too tightly bound or too large will not be copied,
  • All material is copied at the discretion of the Archivist (for archive material) or Librarian (for special collections material). Please note we will only provide scanned copies of photographs – we do not photocopy our photographic collections.

For details of the types of copies we can provide and our charges please see our copying and publishing charges and regulations form:

You will need to complete a copy request form before we will undertake any copying for you. This form includes a copyright declaration:

Once you have completed the form please send it to either the Archivist (for copies of archive material) or the Librarian (for copies of special collections material).

When we have received your form we will confirm that it is possible to copy the material requested and send you an invoice along with details of how to pay. Please do not send any payment to us until you have received your invoice. We will only send you the copies once we have received your payment.

If you are visiting in person you will need to pay cash for any copies you request, as currently the Archive and Special Collections are unable to accept debit or credit cards.

Please note that the supply of a copy does not carry with it the right to publish it in any form, or pass it onto a third party. When you order any copy from our collections you sign an undertaking to gain permission from Girton College; the copyright holder(s); and where necessary the data subject(s) before publishing the copies or any part of them.
 

If you want to publish material from our collections you must complete our request to publish form and pay a publication fee.

Once you have completed the form please send it to either the Archivist (to publish material from the archive collections) or the Librarian (to publish material from the special collections). 

Once we have received your form, and the College is willing to give you permission to publish we will send you an invoice along with details of how to pay. Please do not send any payment to us until you have received your invoice. Once we have received your payment we will send you official permission to publish.

Please note that before we give our permission, we may ask you to show us written evidence that you have the copyright owner’s permission to publish and/or the data subject’s permission to publish.
 

If you want to order copies of our material you must be aware of copyright issues. When you request copies or to publish material from our collections you will have to sign a copyright declaration.

For details of copyright in the UK please see the British Academy’s guidelines for researchers and publishers in the humanities and social sciences.

For an overview of the duration of copyright in literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works (excluding crown copyright) please see the National Archives’ copyright flowchart.

It is your responsibility to locate and obtain the copyright holder’s written permission to publish material from our collections, although the Archivist or Librarian may be able to advise you. The Writers, Artists, and Their Copyright Holders File (Watch) website is a good starting point in locating copyright holders.

Art and Artefacts

Explore the art treasures on show at Girton College

Discover more