eGuide: Classics information sources

Last updated: November 2018

Searching for resources

There are two key library catalogues you may use when studying at Cambridge:

  • Girton Library catalogue (Heritage) – search Girton Library’s collection and see if items are available or already on loan. See our eGuide for further information.
  • iDiscover – to search across the University’s print and electronic collections (including books, eBooks, journals, newspapers, articles and much more). Most, but not all, of Girton’s collection can be found here. See our eGuide for further information.

You will be able to borrow from Girton’s Main Library and the University Library. Your subject-specific library is the Classics Faculty Library. However, there may be other libraries within Cambridge which stock useful resources. For a full list of the Cambridge libraries see the directory and check each library for access guidelines.


Subject-specific bibliographic resources

For information on searching general databases and journals see our eGuides: Beyond books: finding articles and journals. To find links to specific databases and journals in see the eresources and ejournals LibGuide. Relevant resources can also be found within subject LibGuides.

Some key resources include:

Ejournals & eresources – Search and browse ejournals and other eresources subscribed to by the University of Cambridge.

A-Z List of Electronic Databases Full A-Z of subscribed databases – search by subject, database or publisher.

Année Philologique An Essential bibliographic resource for all Classical disciplines. Useful for finding books and articles on specific subjects or on particular ancient authors. It can be searched using a range of criteria, e.g. modern author, ancient author, keyword, subject, date, etc. Useful for decoding abbreviations used for journal titles.

Brill’s New Pauly The New Pauly provides comprehensive coverage of the ancient world from the prehistory of the Aegean (2nd millennium BCE) to Late Antiquity (600-800 CE).

Encyclopedia of Ancient History The only comprehensive collection of twenty-first-century scholarship available on the entire ancient Mediterranean world. Entries extend to all Mediterranean civilizations, including the Near East and Egypt.

Oxford Bibliographies: Classics Authoritative research guide to Classics, combining the best features of an annotated bibliography and a high-level encyclopedia.

Oxford Reference Online It includes the Oxford Classical Dictionary, Oxford companion to classical civilization, Who’s Who in the Classical World and the Oxford Encyclopaedia of Ancient Greece and Rome. Hover over the images on the home page to find Classical Studies to narrow down to those books or search across all entries.

Web of Science Access the world’s leading citation databases, with multidisciplinary information from over 18,000 high impact journals, over 180,000 conference proceedings, and over 80,000 books from around the world

Classics-specific bibliographical search sites include:

  • Gnomon Online for articles and books from 1990 onwards. Some knowledge of German is an advantage when using this. Results can be downloaded as a PDF document for easy printing.
  • TOCS-IN for articles from nearly 200 journals of particular use to undergraduates, dating back to 1992.

Greek texts and text-searching

Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG)
The goal of the TLG is to create a comprehensive digital library of Greek literature from antiquity to the present era and has already collected and digitized most literary texts written in Greek from Homer to the fall of Byzantium in AD 1453. It is possible to search these texts for words or phrases.
You can connect to the database from any computer connected to the University network, as follows:-

  1. Go to
  2. On the right, find the heading Search the Online TLG and click on Institutions underneath. You should now see a page about Greek fonts.
  3. You need to pick your font. The IT Area computers have Unicode installed, so you can select column A. If you are using a computer which does not have Unicode, go to column B to pick a Greek font which you know is available on the computer you are using and then click enter. If there is no Greek font installed, you will need to use Beta code or Transliteration. You should now see a search screen.
  4. You can now specify which authors or works you want to search. If you do not specify any, it will be assumed you want to search all texts – you can go straight to a search form by clicking either simple or advanced on the left-hand menu (under the heading Text Search).
  5. Full instructions for carrying out searches can be found on the help pages – – or ask the Acting Librarian.

TLG now includes an online version of the Liddle-Scott Jones dictionary:

Brill Dictionary of Ancient Greek English translation of Franco Montanari’s Vocabolario della Lingua Greca. The most important modern dictionary for Ancient Greek, it brings together 140,000 headwords taken from the literature, papyri, inscriptions and other sources of the archaic period up to the 6th Century CE, and occasionally beyond.

Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics A unique work that brings together the latest research from across a range of disciplines which contribute to our knowledge of Ancient Greek. It is an indispensable research tool for scholars and students of Greek, of linguistics, and of other Indo-European languages, as well as of Biblical literature.

Loeb Classical Library The digital Loeb Classical Library is a fully searchable, perpetually growing virtual library of all that is important in Greek and Latin literature and includes single- and dual-language reading modes.

New Jacoby Brill’s New Jacoby provides a revised edition of the Greek texts of Felix Jacoby’s Die Fragmente der Griechischen Historiker where relevant. It includes several new authors and many fragments of existing authors that were either unknown to Jacoby or excluded by him. It also gives commentaries in those cases where Jacoby failed to do so. Brill’s New Jacoby presents facing English translations of the Greek fragments, a new, critical commentary, and a brief encyclopedia-style entry about each historian’s life and works, with a select bibliography.

Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum Online SEG systematically collects newly published Greek inscriptions as well as publications on previously known documents. It presents complete Greek texts of all new inscriptions with a critical apparatus.

Thesaurus Linguae Graecae Database for searching virtually all ancient Greek literary texts surviving from the period between Homer (8th century B.C.) and 600 A.D., and a large number of texts deriving from the period between 600 A.D. and 1453.

Open Access Databases

Corpus Medicorum Graecorum / Latinorum Earlier publications of its series CMG, CML, CMG Supplementum and CMG Supplementum Orientale.

English-Greek Dictionary by S.C. Woodhouse A facsimile of S.C. Woodhouse’s English-Greek Dictionary (1910) with a keyword search for terms. Aggregates material on papyri including the Duke Databank of Documentary Papyri. Databases may be searched or browsed.

Perseus Digital Library Perseus Digital Library of Greek and Roman texts with translations, vocab tools and references.

PHI Searchable Greek Inscriptions An open access online searchable database of Greek Inscriptions based on the Packard Humanities Institute PHI7 CD-ROM. Allows searching or browsing by region.


Latin text and text-searching

Thesaurus Linguae Latinae (TLL)  (on campus only)
In combination with the Bibliotheca Teubneriana Latina online (BTL), this provides access to the ever-growing TLL dictionary and all Teubner Latin texts. There are various ways of searching (e.g. full-text for either or both TLL and BTL, ancient authors for BTL, the etymology for TLL, etc.) and the wildcard/truncation characters are ? for a single character or * for multiple characters. Results lists and documents can be printed.
Note that use of the TLL database requires downloading the TLL font to your computer, which may cause problems if you are using a “Desktop Services” machine such as the ones in the Library’s IT Resources Area.
The Classics Faculty Library’s helpsheet is available at

Aristoteles Latinus Database Contains the complete corpus of medieval translations of the works of Aristotle.

Bibliotheca Teubneriana Latina Provides online access to the standard editions (editions maiores) of the Bibliotheca scriptorum Romanorum Teubneriana. It includes Latin literature up to the second century.

Codices Vossiani Latini Online The Codices Vossiani Latini Online publishes all 363 codices which form the world-famous Latin part of Isaac Vossius’ manuscript collection held at Leiden University Library. The Codices Vossiani Latini count a large number of early medieval manuscripts (a whopping 76 Carolingian manuscripts dating from before 900), including major sources of many classic texts

CETEDOC: Library of Latin texts Fully searchable texts of Latin literature spanning the Classical, Patristic, Medieval, and Neo-Latin periods.

Database of Latin Dictionaries (DLD) Provides access to a growing number of Latin dictionaries. The database will comprise three kinds of dictionaries: Dictionaries to assist translation from Latin into modern languages (English, French, German, and other) Dictionaries providing semantic and etymological explanations in Latin of Latin words. The Database of Latin Dictionaries is linked to the Library of Latin Texts (CLCLT), permitting to search on a word in a dictionary within the DLD and to identify actual occurrences of the word within its context in the CLCLT and vice versa.

In Principio Includes most of the incipits from the major manuscript resources of Europe. With its wide-ranging, “generalist” character, covers all Latin texts that have been transmitted in manuscript since the origins of Latin literature up to about 1600 when the manuscript is replaced by the printed text. In Principio thus covers ancient, patristic, medieval, and humanist Latin literature.

Loeb Classical Library The digital Loeb Classical Library is a fully searchable, perpetually growing virtual library of all that is important in Greek and Latin literature and includes single- and dual-language reading modes.

Patrologia Latina Database Comprises the works of the Church Fathers from Tertullian (c. 200 A.D.) to the death of Pope Innocent III in 1216.

Thesaurus Linguae Latinae The Thesaurus Linguae Latinae is an ongoing attempt to create the first comprehensive scholarly dictionary of ancient Latin from the earliest times down to AD 600. Each year the contents of the newly printed fascicles are added to the database.

Open Access Databases

Celtic Personal Names of Roman Britain A searchable database of personal names from Roman Britain which are thought to contain Celtic elements.

Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum Open access to the collection of squeezes, photographs and bibliographical references maintained by the CIL research centre, sorted by inscription-number.

Corpus Medicorum Graecorum / Latinorum Earlier publications of its series CMG, CML, CMG Supplementum and CMG Supplementum Orientale.

PHI Searchable Latin Inscriptions Open access database of all Latin literary texts written before A.D. 200, as well as some texts selected from later antiquity. Word Search or Browse by Author. Based on PHI CD-ROM 5.3.

Perseus Digital Library of Greek and Roman texts with translations, vocab tools and references.

BREPOLIS Latins full-text database

  • Library of Latin Texts – Series A (LLT-A) contains 3,200 Latin texts from antiquity to the twentieth century including all works from the classical period (previously known as CLCLT)
  • Library of Latin Texts – Series B (LLT-B)
  • Aristoteles Latinus database (ALD)
  • Archive of Celtic-Latin Literature (ACLL)
  • Database of Latin Dictionaries
  • The Cross-Database Search tool allows simultaneous searching across the LLT-A, LLT-B, ALD, ACLL and also the electronic Monumentae Germaniae Historica.


Web-based text collections

This is just a small selection of easily-available texts; there are others, particularly if you want translations, although for some you have to request permission in order to download the texts.

Bibliotheca Augustana – Latin and Greek texts, although the usual Greek font problems apply.

Project Gutenberg – includes Latin texts which can be downloaded onto portable devices, including Kindle, as well as to your computer.

Other reference sources

Oxford Classical Dictionary

Der Neue Pauly and Brill’s New Pauly – Electronic versions of the complete original Der Neue Pauly together with Brill’s New PaulyNew Pauly Online is automatically updated whenever a new volume is published.

Finding electronic books

You can find most of the university’s ebooks via iDiscover. To understand what an ebook is, and what ebooks are available – read Introduction to electronic books. For help with searching for ebooks read Finding and using ebooks.


For general information on searching the internet, see Effective internet searching. An introduction to using the internet, aimed specifically at classicists, is available from the Virtual Training Suite. The interactive teach-yourself tutorial takes on an hour to complete but you can also dip into the different sections: tour, discover, judge.

One of the easiest ways to discover information of academic value on the Internet is to use one of the many subject-related hubs or gateways.

Help within College

Library staff can provide support and assistance. You can book an appointment with library staff, or, ask a question via The Colleges’ Fellow for Study Skills will also be able to help.

Help within Cambridge

University of Cambridge training programmes
Eresources and Ejournals

Help With Electronic Resources

Jenny Blackhurst
t: +44 (0) 1223 338970